Sinus & Pharynx Anatomy, Physiology & Body Maintenance

In order to fully appreciate high quality cannabis flower, the organ senses of taste & smell must be in good health & function.  Quite often, there is a condition of chronic inflammation in the sinus cavities, causing the sense of smell to be diminished or even absent.  The sense of taste is strongly dependent upon the sense of smell.  If the sense of smell is injured, the ability to taste will be adversely affected.  As white market production of high quality cannabis becomes available to a discerning public, patients\clients who can appreciate these products will benefit from the knowledge of good oral\sinus\throat healthcare and maintenance. 

The paranasal sinuses are air cavities that help circulate & warm the air that is breathed in and out of the respiratory system. They are mostly symmetrical, bilateral and situated around the nasal cavity and above the eyes.

The tissue cells that perceive the sense of smell are called afferent or sensory nerves.  The tissue cells that come from the brain, pass through the spinal cord and into the sinus tissue that controls function are called efferent or motor neurons.  All these cells & tissues contribute to olfactory (smelling) sense and most importantly, immune system function.  Indeed, a body’s first line of defense involves the immune system in the sinus & mouth cavities.  This is where we first stop colds & flus.  A properly functioning immune system can resist all diseases.

Often, there is a condition of chronic sinusitis in the body.  This long-term inflammation of the sinus mucosa can potentially injure sinus tissue, adversely affecting the sense of smell & taste.  Chronic inflammation can block proper drainage and flow in the sinus tissue & eustachian tubes from the ears.  Immune response is compromised in chronic sinusitis. 

CAUSES OF INFLAMMATION IN SINUS TISSUE:

The inflammatory response in the sinus tissue is initially a healthy function by the immune system.  When the sinus cavity tissue cells detect bacteria, viruses, mold, pollen, airborne irritants and more, the sinus tissue will properly swell-up to physically block these compounds from entering the body.  The immune system will respond with white blood cells of many types to attack & remove foreign compounds, physical irritants & diseases.

If the body is chronically or routinely exposed to adverse irritants or diseases, a condition of chronic sinusitis can result.  People who work around business, home or industrial irritants in the air are most affected.  Examples include pollen in a greenhouse or outside, sawdust, aluminum dust, dry cleaning compounds, chlorine, and any place that emits high concentrations of adverse compounds into the air.  Home examples include chronic mold, paint fumes, cosmetics, fertilizer, house cleaners, chlorine, cat\dog hair, dander and feces.  Even laundry soap can cause chronic sinus inflammation.

A dietary intake of grain-based foods contributes to inflammation.   Grains & grain-based foods contain compounds that are known to irritate the body.  Pesticides that were sprayed on grain that is consumed in foods, meats or milk are known to contribute to inflammation throughout the body.

There are times when a person incurs an injury to their mandible (jaw), temporomandibular (TMJ) joints, skull, face and facial bones.  These injuries can be caused by trauma, like car wrecks and fights.  These traumas to the facial bones can cause profound dysfunctional injuries to the sense of smell and taste, because they physically affect the sensitive sensory nervous system. 

There are known injury, when a person attempts to blow their nose forcefully, due to sinus congestion, that causes damage to the sense of smell & taste.  The over-pressure of the sinuses, by forced blowing of the nose, can injure the frontal facial bones and adversely affect the sensory nervous system.  Chronic sinus infections, sinusitis and excessive use of nasal decongestant drugs can also lead to loss of sense of smell and taste.

TREATMENTS FOR INFLAMED SINUS TISSUE:

By far the most effective action a person can do to reduce inflammation is eliminate the external irritants from your environment and\or get away from these things.  Sometimes the mold in a house cannot be overcome and you must move.  If the sawdust @ the cabinet shop is getting to you, you may need to find another job.  My father worked as a petroleum chemist.  My mother worked in and around dry cleaning chemistry all day.  Both parents suffered from chronic sinusitis and did not change their workplace.  Physically removing yourself from a harmful place is the first step in sinus & immune system health.

Sinus passage rinsing is a workable maintenance routine in the shower.  A person can use a fine-mist spray bottle, add 4 ounces of water & 1 tablespoon of salt, shake & mix.  While in the shower, you spray the fine-mist up each sinus passage while inhaling through the nose.  The salt water will pass over your sinus tissue and drain into the back of your throat.  Next, spit out the salt water into the shower.  Repeat this process until you are certain you have rinsed the sinus mucosa thoroughly.  This routine will help flush physical irritants from the sinus mucosa.  Salt water flush will also reduce sinus congestion & inflammation.

Reducing & eliminating dietary intake of grain-based foods quickly nets positive results for inflammation reduction in all parts of the body.  Additionally, replacing grains with greens is known to reduce inflammation.  Consumption of more clean leafy greens and greenfood drinks is known to reduce inflammation in the body.

The culinary & medicinal herb Turmeric is known for anti inflammatory properties.  Consumption of Turmeric in powder or capsule form is a common practice.  People remember Turmeric is “just food”.  You cannot harm yourself using this wonderful herb for taste and health.  Learn to add Turmeric herb in your cooking.  Consult your healthcare provider for more information on this plant.

SURGICAL OPTIONS-
Functional endoscopic surgery (aka “roto-rooter the sinuses”) is a medical\surgical procedure used to remove the excess tissue that builds-up inside the sinuses from years of inflammation.  Doctors use a surgical rotary tool that cuts the chronic solidified tissue out of the sinuses.  They also can enlarge the drainage holes in-between the sinus cavities to improve drainage and prevent stagnant tissue buildup.

Expansion of the frontal spheroid & ethmoid sinuses by use of an expanding bilateral balloon has proven to be a workable practice for patients who have incurred trauma to the front of their face.  Often, the facial bones become impacted and jammed against the boney sutures.  This injury interferes with the subtle, yet normal expansion of bone & joint with each breath and heartbeat.  The use of balloons, inserted up the nose, then inflated until the frontal facial bones “pop” open, relieving stuckness of function and often immediately releasing the nervous system, allowing sensory & motor control to return to normal.

CHIROPRACTIC TREATMENT-

Specific chiropractic adjusting, by hand only, to the cervical & upper thoracic spine directly affects the function & structure of the nervous system that emits from the spine.  Dysfunction in the spine adversely affects normal nervous function & maintenance of the frontal sinuses and the sense of smell and taste.  Muscles under nervous system stress remain contracted in the face, throat & sinuses.  Spinal adjusting releases that stress and relaxes the sinuses, decreases inflammation and generally improves function.

Facial bones & muscle maintenance and nose & sinus routine health maintenance routines generally improve function & structure in the head & neck.  This permits improvement in the sense of taste & smell.  A patient can become more aware of their environment.  They can relieve the chronic sinus pressure and stuffiness.  They can improve their immune response in the nose & mouth.  It takes education & awareness of one’s own body functions to make improvements in function & relieve sinus inflammation and improve the sense of taste & smell.

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